How is federalism related to the division of governmental power between the national and state levels? Explain the difference between enumerated and implied powers.

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The reason the first national government of the United States failed under the Articles of Confederation was because the Founders, having witnessed the increasing reach of Parliament, purposely wanted to keep a confined national government with limited powers so that the balance of power would reside slightly more with each individual state, and the bulk retained by the people. Realizing that the national government was too confined, they got the balance right under the Constitution, where issues of common interests among the states were best handled -- the minting of coins to be a prime example, rather than having each state mint its own, and slow down commerce through endless currency conversions.  Under the Constitution, each state ceased acting like an independent country, ceding explicit abilities to the national government. The Constitution clearly itemizes what the national government can do; (the "enumerated" powers,) the concept of "implied powers" is a fabrication.  Over...

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