How far do you agree that the Cold War in Europe broke out because the Soviet and Western leaders misinterpreted each other's words and actions?To anyone who helps me with this question could you...
How far do you agree that the Cold War in Europe broke out because the Soviet and Western leaders misinterpreted each other's words and actions?
To anyone who helps me with this question could you maybe give examples of how they misinterpreted each others words and actions.
Their first misinterpretation was over the issue of Poland and what was to happen to it now that the war was over. Russia had been attacked through this country on numerous occasions, including World War 1 and 2 and had lost approximately 25 million people, 700 towns destroyed and their steel industry cut by half. They were keen to dominate and occupy most of the land in order to prevent any further attacks through this country. On the other hand, Britain had gone to war over Poland and was keen for it to remain independent. Also, there was a Polish Government who had been forced into exile at the beginning of the war and Britain was now keen for them to return to power. As for America, they became extremely suspicious of Russia's plans and believed that Russia merely wanted to spread Communism. Unlike at the end of World War 1, they were determined not to appease Stalin as Britain had done with Hitler. It should be remembered that they did have the right to believe that Stalin only had the intentions of spreading communism through the quotation of Karl Marx. He declared that 'We are living not merely in a state, but in a system of states and it's inconceivable that the Soviet Republic should continue to exist for a
The Cold War broke out in 1945 (although some have argued other years) with the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences. They were held to discuss what was to be done with the peace of Europe and how to rebuild the damage that had been caused. It was at these meetings that the Americans and Russians slowly began to mistrust one another, even though they were previously war-time allies. During the Potsdam Conference in July/August of 1945, America declared that they had tested the first Atomic Bomb (which President Harry Truman referred to as 'the greatest thing in history'). Stalin was suspicious as to why America had not told him previously, and after this, relations spiraled down rapidly. But it was at this time that America's suspicions of the USSR were beginning to settle in and it was Harry Truman who later said that 'unless Russia is faced with an iron fist and strong language another war is in the making'
I don't even think they did.
The Russians and Americans/Allies had banded together in a war against Germany, which worked out okay. But when it came to negotiating politically as to what they would do with Germany, their contrasting political stances (don't forget that Russia was communist and America capitalist) grew too apparent, and this was what caused the tension between the two countries.