I have to write an essay on how to evaluate the extent to which Freud's theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client's presenting issue. Can you give me some pointers as to where I should start?
There are different ways to start an essay. The best way to start any essay is to establish a thesis that you can defend throughout your paper. The thesis should be a short sentence, or two establishing the premise of your argument. For example, Freud's psychosexual development theory can help us understand the context of clients' issues by establishing a maturity level related to the issue. The remainder of the essay would be in defense of such a thesis.
Due to the stage progression of the theory it would be easiest to break the essay down into an overview of each stage and then compare the stage to a client issue. A client presenting with little sexual interest may be considered to be in the Latency Stage, placing the mental maturity between five and puberty. The treatment can be tailored to fit the mental age of the patient. It may also reveal to the clinician a timeframe from which to base their work or questions to identify the root causes of the issue. Other methods you use to address the client's issues with the theory should also be included.
Once the stages are described and given realistic scenarios, additional references can be included to support or challenge your thesis. Such would include competing theoriesor documentation such as treatment records where mental maturity was used to address a client's issue. The final paragraph should sum up the thesis and name each argument supporting it.