How do the endocrine and nervous system combine to activate the body in stressful situations?

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When there is an emergency, or a stressful experience, the nervous system and endocrine system work together to activate the body to react and prepare for the event.

Information is instantly processed by the central and peripheral nervous system. Your brain (central) processes the thoughts and emotions and ultimately decides how your body will react. The peripheral system undergoes a sympathetic response (autonomic component), which causes changes in the body: increased heart beat and blood pressure, dilation of pupils, slowing of digestion, and sweating. This is known as the fight or flight response.

Concurrently during stress, the endocrine system is activated. The hypothalamus, a tiny gland located at the base of your skull, tells the pituitary gland what hormones need to be released to other glands of the body in response to the event. Both the nervous system and the endocrine system combine effectively in response to stress. First, the central nervous system (brain) processes the...

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