How does Edgar Allan Poe in "The Raven" create mood and atmosphere in the first five stanzas?

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The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe creates an ominous atmosphere for this eerie tale of the ebony bird who visits the narrator.  The narrator has recently lost his love—Lenore. He is  in a dark place in his grief. 

The author uses alliteration, rhyming, and repetition to accentuate the mood of the poem.  The setting of the candle-lit chamber and the grief stricken speaker prepare the reader to be frighten as the man receives into his room the black bird.

1st stanza

The time is midnight. The speaker sits feeling weak and tired. He has been reading old books.  He is almost asleep when he hears a tapping at his bedroom door. He thinks that it must be a visitor.

The author establishes the ominous mood by using the midnight hour.  When the knock at the door occurs, who would be there so late at night. The man himself is apparently frail possibly due to his recent loss. He also talks to himself which questions his mental stability.

2nd stanza

The season is wintery December.  The fire...

(The entire section contains 592 words.)

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