How is ebola spread? 

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trophyhunter1's profile pic

trophyhunter1 | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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Hemorrhagic fever is transmitted when an individual comes in contact with bodily fluids and secretions from an infected individual, through mucous membranes like those in the eyes, mouth and nose as well as through skin that has been damaged or broken. Fluids like saliva, blood, vomit,  breast milk and semen, sweat, feces, etc. are all capable of passing the virus from an infected person to another individual. Handling bushmeat can also spread the virus and contact with infected bats is another mode of transmission. Objects that were handled by an infected person can also transmit the virus such as clothing, needles, etc. Primates can transmit the ebola virus. It can even be transmitted during sex with an infected individual. Proper gear and precautions need to be taken by healthcare professionals to avoid the spread of ebola.

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thewanderlust878 | Student, College Freshman | (Level 3) Salutatorian

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Ebola, which was previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection by one of the Ebola virus strains. It is infectious for humans and primates. 

It is uncertain at this time how the virus actually started in humans, but many scientists believe the human "patient zero" came into contact with an infectious animal, and caught the virus. The way that the virus is spread from human to human is said to be through direct contact (which is why the doctors and nurses must always wear protective suits when treating a patient) by way of eyes, nose, mouth, or broken skin. It can also be spread by coming into contact with bodily fluids (urine, blood, saliva, sweat, etc) of a person infected, or by use of objects, such as needles or syringes, that have the virus on them. 

Hope this helps!

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tnp1 | Student, Grade 6 | (Level 2) eNoter

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ebola spreads through contact, it can spread through spit, saliva, urine, vomit, exc. but you don't need to worry about it there was only a few cases of ebola and it is extremely hard to get in America.

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ssandhu05 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 2) Honors

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Ebola, which is a deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of the ebola virus, is spread through the direct contact of blood and bodily fluids of someone who already carries Ebola within them. Ebola is not spread through the air, no matter what the people of the media may say. It is also not spread through water, food, or mosquitos.

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chinesa72 | eNotes Newbie

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It is important to note that despite the paranoid hype from the media, ebola is not spread through air secondary physical contact. It can only be contracted via bodily fluids.  People who are at the greatest risk are those who live with, care for, or clean up after those who are infected. 

The reason Ebola has been a bigger problem in Africa than in the US is due to the lack of water sanitation.  Bodily fluids from bathing and defecation often end up in the water supply, which then ends up as drinking water for the masses since their filtration systems are usually very basic if they exist at all.

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jenna-96 | Student, Grade 12 | eNotes Newbie

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Ebola is a pathogen that can only be spread with contact of bodily fluids. Such as, vomit, urine, blood, vomit, spit, and even semen. To make sure you do not also become infected make sure you do not touch any of the following on said infected person!

emtheawesome's profile pic

emtheawesome | Student, Grade 12 | (Level 1) Honors

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Ebola is spread through contact with bodily fluids from a person with the disease. The bodily fluids include blood, urine, vomit, spit, and something else I'd rather not say on a website like this. In order to avoid the disease, just don't touch any of these things from a person with the disease!

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