According to Trent Lorcher in his article "Lesson Plans: Modernism in Literature:
Modernism is marked by a strong and intentional break with tradition. This break includes a strong reaction against established religious, political, and social views.
In Fitzgerald's "Winter Dreams," Dexter's behavior exemplifies the style of modernist authors, breaking with the realist style. (First printed in 1922, this is a time of economic growth and optimism, with many stories of success for all kinds of people.)
Dexter is a man of humble beginnings who defies the social rules of the time: he does not conform to the wishes of the upperclass. When offered a rare opportunity to caddy for a wealthy golfer, he refuses. Next, he quits rather than be forced to caddy for a tyrannical eleven-year old golfer.
The modernist view in this story focuses on the "strong reaction against...social views." Dexter does not conform to the whims of the rich as one might have expected him to.
He strategically chooses his own...
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