How does Winston change in part 3 of 1984?

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Kelvin Brakus eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Winston changes significantly in Part 3 because he spends this section of the book imprisoned in the Ministry of Love. Despite his best efforts to stay mentally strong and to continue his anti-Party protests, he eventually concedes to O'Brien's torture and propaganda.

Specifically, in terms of changes, Winston's attitude toward Julia changes considerably. Before Part 3, Winston loved Julia and was determined to never betray her. After being sent to Room 101, however, Winston betrays Julia by asking O'Brien to "do it" to her. In addition, when he meets with her in the café, his feelings of love towards her have disappeared.

Another change occurs in the way that Winston feels about Big Brother. In Part 1, for example, Winston wrote in his diary, "Down with Big Brother." He hated Big Brother and the Party for the way they controlled him. By the end of Part 3, however, Winston admits to loving Big Brother. This is, arguably, the biggest change of all because it shows that Winston's rebellious spirit was truly broken by O'Brien.

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missy575 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Winston changes in part 3 through various means. Most obviously, he betrays Julia. It took him a little while to be broken, but he does finally turn on her. Previously, when speaking with O'Brien in Book 2, both Julia and Winston were asked if they would sacrifice each other for the sake of the cause. They said no, they would not betray each other.

Similarly, he has been able to maintain in his mind what he knew as absolute truth for the first two books and the majority of the third book. By the end of the third book, he releases himself completely allowing the torture to totally change him. His mind took on a revised outlook:

He pushed the picture out of his mind. It was a false memory. He was troubled by false memories occasionally. They did not matter so long as one knew them for what they were. Some things had happened, others had not happened.

When he experienced memories, or saw truth playing out in front of him, he now took them for a different value: falsehood. This is complete brain-washing. He allowed it to happen to him. That is why the book closes with the words:

He loved Big Brother.

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