Interestingly enough, I would suggest that Collins' bleak vision of an oppressive future was carved out of her own present. She juxtaposed the images on television of a reality television competition and the war in Iraq. In this "blurring" of images, there is a definite statement about the bleak nature of the future. There is a totalitarian reality in Panem through which citizens are entertained through savage violence. The bleakness lies in how there is no sense of dissent or outrage in what happens. Katniss' own defiance is part of the drama, which helps to feed the bleak sensibility in the future. The fact that life and death struggles are seen as mere "entertainment" as well as how emotional realities like love and loyalty are ploys to gain favor with the audience helps to reveal that the real bleakness in the future lies in the authenticity in human interactions. I think that all of these realities help to feed the oppressive nature that exists in the future, one in which bleakness is intrinsic. Even in redemption and in an ending where life prevails, it has been manufactured and controlled to such an extent that there is little in way of real salvation. The bleakness of both the political implications in which individuals live as well as the emotional realities in which they exist are present in the future vision that Collins renders.