Louisa May Alcott's novel Little Women is the story of the March family: Meg, Jo, Beth, Amy, and their mother Marmee. The story is about a houseful of girls living alone with their mother because their father is away during the Civil War. In letters home he refers to his daughters as having to all grow up fast and be women even though they are young. This is the reason the story is called Little Women. Even though they are technically girls at the start of the story, they grow up and become young women while their father is away.