Constitution of the United States Questions and Answers

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How does the United States Constitution organize the government?

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The United States Constitution created a system of government that balanced power between the individual states and the federal (central) government. The Constitution also created three branches of government: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. The legislative branch, which we identify with the Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate) has the power to make laws and collect taxes. The executive, which we identify with the president and the various government agencies under his direction, executes or enacts the laws and enters into treaties with other countries. The judicial branch, which we identify with the courts, interprets the laws in case of dispute.

The genius of the system is that each branch of government holds the other two branches in check: one section of government cannot assume too much power. The founders tried to be careful that the...

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