To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

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How does the quote "There's four kinds of folks in the world. The ordinary kind like us and the neighbors... the Cunningams... the Ewells... and the Negroes" use aesthetic features?

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There are two significant aesthetic features in the given quotation, taken from chapter 23 of the novel. In the quotation, Jem is explaining to his sister, Scout, his new-found understanding of the social hierarchy in Maycomb County. For example, the repetition of the word "kind," used by Jem to refer to different types of people, is an aesthetic feature because it draws the reader's attention to the idea that the four "kinds" of people are considered to be so different as to be thought of as different "kinds." The implication is that Maycomb County is a place characterized by significant social differences and divisions.

In the full quotation, Jem says that "there's the kind like the Cunninghams out in the woods, the kind like the Ewells down at the dump, and the Negroes." One aesthetic feature here is the sequence of clauses. In each successive clause, the location associated with the different "kind" of people becomes less appealing, signifying the lower social position, or class, of those respective people. The "woods" connote a place outside of or on the fringes of civilization, and the "dump" connotes a place designated for trash. These locations accurately signify the social positions of the Cunninghams and the Ewells respectively.

It is significant that "the Negroes," mentioned in the third clause, are not designated a location at all. The implication is that they occupy a place in Maycomb County even less appealing than the "dump" in the preceding clause. Another implication is that there is no place at all in Maycomb County for "the Negroes" to make their home.

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