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How does the Judicial Branch interpret laws?

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The judicial branch interprets laws in order to make decisions about how the country will run. They are essentially the collective interpreters for the laws in the country—which allows them to parse through the legislative verbiage used by the other branches and decide how these laws will actually be carried out.

Typically, smaller courts make decisions regarding laws and will appeal them if they need more authority or another decision. When it comes to the Supreme Court, however, there is no higher power or authority—they are the final say on how to interpret the law. They examine the case and the law in question, and look to previous rulings as well as fundamental human rights to make their decisions. Within the letter of the law, they interpret the intent and purpose behind the law to execute a decision, instead of simply carrying out the letter of the law itself.

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