1984 Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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How does the exercise instructor compare her viewers to the nation's soldiers in 1984?

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The instructor calls for particular ages to line up in front of their monitors and then begins barking instructions at them. The young and muscular instructor counts out their repetitions in a voice reminiscent of military precision. And then she calls out to the group:

Come on, comrades, put a bit of life into it!

A comrade is another word for a fellow soldier, which also connotes some communist and/or socialist periods of history. Therefore, the exercise period is not simply encouraging Winston and his fellow same-age peers to improve themselves physically. The instructor's language also unites them in a common fight. Since exercise is required and monitored, this provides one more opportunity for the Party to indoctrinate its citizens and carefully shape the way each person thinks. Here, the idea that each man and woman is a soldier for the Party is carefully reinforced through the language of the instructor.

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