How does the Bill Of Rights protect individuals' civil liberties?
The Bill of Rights protects individuals' civil liberties by guaranteeing citizens rights that had been subject to abuse under the British during the buildup to the Revolutionary War.
The Bill of Rights was placed in the Constitution in order to explicitly protect the people's civil liberties. Many of the Anti-federalists were leery of a national government that could potentially assume too much power in the same way that Parliament did in the era before the American Revolution. In order to stop this from happening, the Anti-federalists insisted on the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
The First Amendment speaks to many civil liberties. Under this amendment, the people have the right to a free press, free speech, and the freedom to worship. The people also have a right to assemble in peace and to petition. The Third Amendment prohibits the quartering of soldiers in people's homes—this addition to the Constitution was written in direct response to Britain's Quartering Act, a part of the Intolerable Acts levied against Boston following the Boston Tea Party. The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Amendments protect people accused of crimes. These amendments provide the right to a jury trial, the right to a fair bail system, and protection from cruel and unusual punishments. One of the causes of the Revolutionary War was colonial tax dodgers being threatened with Admiralty courts. The Ninth Amendment states that the Bill of Rights is not all-inclusive and that the government has the authority to protect civil liberties not explicitly spelled out in the Bill of Rights.
The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution in order to placate Anti-federalists and to ensure that the people's civil liberties were protected from a central government. Many of these amendments were written in direct response to abuses committed against the colonists by Parliament in the buildup to the Revolutionary War.
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