How does the symbolic interactionism theory affect the social change within the family institution?
How does the symbolic interactionism theory affect the views of the individual who is part of the family institution?
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Symbolic interactionism is a sociological framework that states that people develop subjective interpretations of events based on their social interactions. In other words, following the ideas of Max Weber, people's interpretations of events affect their experiences and the way in which they construct meaning. George Herbert Mead popularized this idea in the U.S. in the 1920s.
Symbolic interactionism has been applied to family studies since the early 1900s. Much of the focus on the research has been on roles—the ways in which family members define their roles based on gender and other variables, and the way in which these roles change or are defined differently after changes such as the birth of a child.
Social change within the family involves changing the meanings or interpretations that family members attach to specific roles. For example, do they always see the mother as the traditional healer and caregiver, while they regard the father as the breadwinner? Change involves changing the subjective views family members have of these roles. Individuals may also see their roles in the family in symbolic ways—for example, one child may define himself or herself as the "good child," while the other defines him or herself as the "rebel." The individual and family are affected by the way in which the family makes collective meaning out of their experience, and change involves changing the ways individuals and the collective family think about their roles and other interactions in a symbolic way.
Symbolic interactionism theory is a theory that states that people impose symbolic meanings on objects, people, events, and behaviors. Thus, society is constructed through human interpretations. For example, family values are very important for some people. However, people can chose to embrace those values or reject those values. People impose values on people because people associate values with meanings. Each individual has their own set of beliefs in a family and these beliefs are excerised depending on the individual. Family unit does not operate as a collective, even though it is believed to do so. Each individual in the family has different values that are attributed to age, associations, values, etc. A child could have complete different view on a particular subject than their parents.
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