How does some of the Finches' family traits affect a choice(s) that one or more of the characters make?

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Scout's behavior in the episode where a clan of people confront Atticus outside the jailhouse the night before Tom Robinson's trial begins. Scout runs to her father and turns to the mob, picking out one man and dealing with him on a personal level.

This seems in keeping with...

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Scout's behavior in the episode where a clan of people confront Atticus outside the jailhouse the night before Tom Robinson's trial begins. Scout runs to her father and turns to the mob, picking out one man and dealing with him on a personal level.

This seems in keeping with family values - deal with every individual as an individual, not as part of a group, not as the figment of a stereotype, etc. 

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Atticus's belief that all men are created equal--black or white--leads him to defend Tom Robinson, even though he knows his decision may bring trouble to his family. Atticus tells his brother Jack that he had no choice: Judge Taylor had appointed him to the case, telling him "You're It"; but the real reason Atticus accepted was because he knew he wouldn't be able to look his children in the eye if he didn't.

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One trait of the Finch family is to be concerned with fairness and justice. Thus Atticus chooses to defend Tom Robinson, and Jem is astonished to the point of tears when Robinson is convicted. The Finches also seem far more willing to show other people respect than is true of many people in the town. Thus Atticus and the children both respect Calpurnia, and Scout shows affection for Dill, whom others might ridicule.

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The Finch family holds a respected place in the county and city. Since they are known as well-bred and respectable, they are given some leeway to be eccentric. Thus while Atticus is ridiculed for defending Tom Robinson, he is still part of the community.
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It seems like a Finch family trait is to do what you think is right no matter what others think.  This can be seen in Scout's interaction with her teacher.  She tries to stand up for what she thinks is right even if it gets her in trouble with her teacher.

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Like Atticus, Alexandra stands by what she believes in. Unlike Atticus, Alexandra believes the most important things in life are related to family and protecting your own. 

Atticus stands up for his cause and his values by defending Tom Robinson (among other things) and Alexandra stands up for her values vocally in her protective treatment of Atticus, Jem and Scout.

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Alexandra is obsessed with her family heritage, and she believes that few (if any) families in Maycomb are equal to the Finches. She believes in Family Streaks, Fine Folks and gentle breeding: The Finches are Fine Folks and a product of gentle breeding (which Atticus can't quite explain to Scout), but in Alexandra's mind, her family is immune from the streaks--drinking, gambling, meanness--from which every other family suffers. Alexandra prevents Scout from playing with Walter Cunningham Jr. because she considers his family "trash"; but she learns a lesson herself at the Missionary Circle tea when the pious Mrs. Merriweather turns on Alexandra, criticizing Atticus for his decision to defend Tom Robinson while she eats the food he has provided under his own roof.

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The Finches all show a capacity to learn and mature. Atticus is obviously an educated, thoughtful man. Scout loves to read even if she dislikes school. Jem matures as the story progresses, learning some valuable lessons he may not have anticipated learning but accepting them when they do arrive.

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Scout, Jem, Atticus, Jack and Alexandra are all fiercely independent. They have tempers (ok, maybe not Atticus) and they stand up for what they believe in. They all basically march to the beat of their own drummers, so it must be a Finch family trait.
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