The Time Machine by H. G. Wells

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How does the society of the Eloi function in The Time Machine?

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Wells attacks both the British class system and the Victorian notion of progress in his depiction of the degenerated Eloi of the far future. The Eloi are small, they are childlike, they do no work, and their buildings are falling apart. They are an apathetic people, lacking both initiative and curiosity.

At first, the Time Traveller believes the Eloi have evolved a communal, peaceful society that lives in harmony with nature. Then he discovers the Morlocks: apelike, brutal people who live underground and operate the machines that keep the society running. They are the working class, the laborers. But while it might seem they are being exploited for the benefit of the leisure class Eloi, we learn that the Morlocks have turned on the Eloi. Lacking other sources of food, they keep the Eloi as a food supply. They use the Eloi as livestock, in essence, eating them as they need to.

This society shows no progress or improvement over Victorian society. Wells, a socialist, is warning that...

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