In Animal Farm, how does Snowball's scapegoat status benefit Napoleon and the pigs?
Making Snowball into a scapegoat is very handy for Napoleon and the pigs because from then on, every time something goes wrong on the farm they can blame it on him. It doesn't even matter that Snowball's no longer around; Squealer can make up some ridiculous story about Snowball sneaking back to the farm at night and committing acts of sabotage like wrecking the windmill.
So long as Snowball's still alive, Napoleon's determined to place him at the center of a gigantic counter-revolutionary conspiracy in which the banished pig is working in cahoots with Mr. Jones to overthrow the Animalist regime and restore human control to the farm. It's all a total lie, of course, but it's a very...
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napoleon can always blame his errors or anything else that goes wrong on someone and there is really no proof against or for snowball because he is not there. That makes it easy for snowball be blamed. An example is when the windmill breaks down due to the wind and the pigs blame snowball for vandalising it.