How does shelley personify the skylark in his poem "Tto a Skylark"?

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Kristen Lentz eNotes educator| Certified Educator

One way in which Shelley personifies the skylark in the poem "To a Skylark" is to compare the bird to characters within the poem, like a "poet hidden" and a "high born maiden;" through his use of simile, the skylark is given human qualities (36, 41). Shelley suggests that the skylark uses his music to inspire and "soothe."  He also assigns an emotional quality to the bird as well as sensitivity and understanding by portraying the skylark as being so joyful that he must not know "languor" or "annoyance" (77-78).  In the final stanza, the speaker perceives the skylark as having knowledge worth sharing, and implores him to "teach me half the gladness thy brain must know;" projecting a deeper value and lesson into the skylark's singing that may not actually be there (101-102).