How does Shakespeare use language to convey Ariel's character in act 1 scene 2?
Shakespeare uses language to convey Ariel's character here in several ways.
First, through call and response: Prospero speaks, and Ariel answers, showing their master/servant relationship.
Second, through the extremity of the tasks offered: Ariel is ready to do anything.
Third, through the cadence of the speeches. Ariel is energy, flowing and overflowing.
Fourth, by speaking up to remind Prospero of the desire for freedom, Ariel shows independence and spunk.