How does Shakespeare make A3:1 effective?What are the three main reasons why you think this?
Act III contains the climax of the play. IN a Shakespearean tragedy, the climax comes in the third act after it seems that the main conflict from Act II is about to be resolved. In Act II, the Friar has just joined Romeo and Juliet in marriage. Act III takes place shortly therafter. The climax in a tragedy leads to the downfall of the main character due to his tragic flaw. For Romeo, he is about to kill Juilet's cousin Tybalt for fatally stabbing Mercutio. This is the climax because things will only go downhill for Romeo and Juliet now. It is also important to note that Mercutio is realted to Prince Escalus. With Benvolio's explanation that it was Tybalt who started the street brawl that led to Mercutio's death, Tybalt deserved to die; Romeo only did what the law would have done anyway. Because of this, Escalus lessens Romeo's punishment to banishment for killing Tybalt instead of death. Also, note that Benvolio LIED about who started the fight. Tybalt challenged Romeo, but Romeo refused. It was Mercutio who was looking for a fight and he used Romeo's refusal as a reason to start up with Tybalt. If he had not done so, Tybalt may have merely walked away (after calling Romeo all kinds of cowardly names), but there might not have been any deaths. Benvolio lies and says that Tybalt (who cannot speak in his own defense) stared it and Romeo just did what the law would have done.