How does Shakespeare explore the theme of retributive justice in Hamlet?

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The theme of retributive justice is at the heart of Hamlet.  Hamlet's quest is to exact revenge on Claudius for the murder of Old Hamlet.  He is careful to exact perfect revenge.  First he tries to discover if Claudius is indeed guilty. 

The play's the thing to catch the conscience of a king.

When he is satisfied that Claudius is indeed guilty of murder, Hamlet's goal is to have a just revenge:  an eye for an...

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