How does Shakespeare create comedy in A Midsummer Night's Dream?
What makes comedy, among other things, is contrast. This play is full of contrast. The Mechanicals/Clowns are contrasted with Nobles and Fairies. Another element of comedy is literalism. The Clowns take everything absolutely literally and all things to them are of equal seriousness. The fairies provide us with a way of seeing the mortals through their eyes and they find the behaviors of the mortals hilarious and therefore so do we.
It is important to remember that each character has intentions, desires, and a powerful reason to be wherever he or she is. These often conflicting intentions and...
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Shakespeare creates comedy through Puck's shenanigans and by employing the "rude mechanicals". Puck's mischief with the love juice creates humor. Bottom trying to play every role in the play is hilarious. Titania falling in love with Bottom who has the head of a donkey is also funny. Of course, individual directors interpret the play different and add their own comedic pieces based on the text.