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by Albert Camus

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How does the setting affect Meursault, in The Stranger by Albert Camus? 

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The setting that impacts Mersault most pointedly is that of the hot beach at the end of the first part of the novel. This setting affects Mersault in its connection to the earlier setting of his mother's funeral. 

While Mersault is emotionally affected by a number of settings in the novel (as evidenced by the thoughts presented in his inner monologue, if not by a traditional or overt sentiment), the overbearing sun at the beach causes Mersault to commit murder. 

When Mersault's mother dies, he sits in vigil at her rest home then participates in the funeral the following day. Bored, annoyed and seemingly oppressed by the atmosphere of the rest home, Mersault is again cognizant of a sense of discomfort and oppression on the walk to the burial ceremony. 

"Evenings in that part of the country must have been a kind of sad relief. But today, with the sun bearing down, making the whole landscape shimmer with heat, it was inhuman and oppressive." 

Later at the beach, Mersault becomes aware of the...

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