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Scout demonstrates her innocence in many different ways in Harper Lee's classic novel To Kill a Mockingbird. As a naive, innocent girl, Scout does not fully understand her prejudiced community or comprehend the gravity of the situation involving her father's defense of Tom Robinson. Scout reveals her childhood innocence by asking her father what the term "nigger-lover" means and by questioning Calpurnia about the definition of rape. Scout also demonstrates her innocence by believing Jem's fanciful description of Boo Radley and even tells Miss Maudie that she believes Boo's family stuffed his corpse up the chimney when he died. Scout also believes in haints, hot steams, secret signs, and other supernatural phenomena.

During her first day of school, Scout demonstrates her innocence by telling Miss Caroline that she was born with the ability to read and genuinely believes Jem's ridiculous story that she was swapped at birth. Scout also shows her innocence during a conversation with Dill when she describes how babies are made. Scout tells Dill that God drops babies down the chimney, which is where their parents retrieve them. Scout continues to show her innocence when she runs into the group of men surrounding Atticus and attempts to start a conversation with Walter Cunningham. She does not grasp the gravity of the situation outside of the jailhouse and does not understand why Atticus uses a loving gesture after Jem boldly disobeyed him. Scout, Jem, and Dill all lose their childhood innocence after witnessing Tom Robinson become a victim of racial injustice, and Scout begins to mature into a tolerant, insightful young girl.

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