How does Santiago lose his money and could he have prevented it?
Part One - Section Four
When Santiago arrives at a bar, he worries that he can't speak Arabic. However, he sees money as a way to assist him in communicating with people, and reassures himself by holding tightly to the pouch near him. A man of similar age approaches him in the bar and addresses him in Spanish (to Santiago's relief). Santiago explains that he is seeking a guide to the pyramids in Egypt and offers to pay the man to act as his guide. Suddenly, the bar owner shouts angrily at the young man, and the two quickly make their way outside. While outside, Santiago gives the man his money to purchase camels and other supplies.
The two make their way through a crowded maketplace. While walking, Santiago notices a beautiful sword on display. As he admires the sword the young man sneaks away with Santiago's money. Santiago turns to ask the man to find out the price of the sword, only to find that he has disappeared with the money. By focusing on a material posession (the sword) instead of his Personal Legend, Santiago lost the only wealth he had.