How does Russia’s climate influence its agriculture and economy?

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

As is the case with many countries, much of Russia’s economy is not in any way affected by its climate.  For example, one of Russia’s major economic activities is the extraction of natural gas and oil.  This has nothing to do with climate but is based, instead, on what is under the ground.  However, the agricultural sector is, of course, affected by the climate.  The Russian climate means that not much of its land (relatively speaking) is arable.  That which is arable is mainly devoted to grain, along with some crops such as potatoes and beets.

As a percentage of its gross domestic product, agriculture is not very important to Russia’s economy.  Agriculture only accounts for about 4.4% of Russian GDP.  This is at least in part due to Russia’s climate.  Because much of Russia does not have a climate that is suited to agriculture, agriculture is not a great part of the Russian economy.