To survive on the island, Robinson Crusoe determines that he needs a shelter to protect him "from the heat of the sun" and from "ravenous creatures." To this end, he finds a hollow in a hill and he pitches his tent there. He makes his shelter on the northwest side of the hill so that he is protected from the heat of the sun during the day. He also creates a semicircular fence around his shelter to protect him from any wild animals. To protect himself from the heavy rain that falls on the island at one time in the year, Crusoe builds two tents, one inside the other, and covers both with "a large tarpaulin."
In order to feed himself, Crusoe at first hunts goats. He initially finds this difficult, because the goats are "subtle, and so swift of foot," but eventually, he becomes a much more proficient hunter. Later on, he decides to keep and tame some of the goats, so that he can still kill goats when he has run out of ammunition for his gun. In this way, Crusoe ensures that he will always have enough food to eat. As well as eating the flesh of the goats, he also makes broth from their bones.
Also crucial to Crusoe's survival on the island are the provisions that he is able to retrieve from the ship, which, very fortunately, is carried close to the shore by the tide. Crusoe ventures out to the ship several times, and each time, he retrieves items which help him to survive on the island, such as nails, hatchets, a grindstone, muskets, bullets, and clothes.