How does Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale intercede on behalf of Hester? (Chapters 6-11)

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When Hester is in danger of losing custody of Pearl, she goes to Governor Bellingham's to plead to keep Pearl. Hester tells the governor that she has learned from her mistake of adultery. The governor quizzes Pearl on her knowledge of religion, asking her where she came from. The correct answer is "God," but Pearl, the wild creature of nature, says she was plucked from a rose bush. The magistrates are horrified and want to immediately place Pearl in other hands.

Hester, desperate, and knowing Dimmesdale is Pearl's father, turns to him and begs him to intercede. He does so, speaking eloquently about Pearl as a blessing to Hester, her "only blessing." Dimmesdale goes on to say that Hester understands that Pearl is a miracle and argues that Pearl was sent by God to lead Hester to redemption. He speaks so movingly that the mother and child are not separated.

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In chapter 8, when Hester stands to lose Pearl, she looks to Dimmesdale to intervene on her behalf and convince the Governor that Pearl should remain with her.  Dimmesdale does just this. He argues that Pearl may serve to save Hester's soul, which is otherwise lost to Satan.

As far as the other chapters, Dimmesdale doesn't really help Hester directly.  He does try to publicly state his sin, but he only ends up saying that he is a sinner and a liar.  During these chapters, he does not confess his part in the adultery, but his own letter A does become embedded on his chest.

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In Chapter 8, Governor Bellingham and the authorities interview Pearl to see if she is being raised properly. They are considering removing Pearl from Hester's care in order to save Pearl's soul. Dimmesdale intervenes with the authorities after Hester demands that he help. He posits that if Hester loses Pearl, then Hester's soul might be lost, so Pearl should be left with Hester to save Hester's soul. A compromise is reached whereby Hester keeps Pearl, but Pearl is supervised at church.

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