The main way in which the characters in this essay meet society's expectations is through the shooting of the elephant. Although Orwell himself clearly states that he does not want to shoot the elephant, who clearly was not a rogue elephant and is a creature who is described with considerable sympathy, he reflects that he really has no choice, as the crowds that watch him as a colonial officer and representative of Britain urge him to do so. Note how he explains his reasons for not being able to assert his own independence:
And it was at this moment, as I stood there with the rifle in my hands, that I first grasped the hollowness, the futility of the white man's dominion in the East. Here was I, the white man with his gun, standing in front of the unarmed native crowd--seemingly the leading actor of the piece; but in reality I was only an absurd puppet pushed to and fro by the will of those yellow faces behind. I perceived in this moment that when the white man turns tyrant it is his own freedom that he destroys. He becomes a sort of hollow, posing dummy, the conventionalized figure of a sahib.
This is clearly a very profound meditation on the nature of colonial power, and power in general. Orwell realises at this particular moment that he has no choice but to fulfill society's expectations of his behaviour, even though he has no desire to shoot the elephant himself, because he is only an "absurd puppet" controlled by the will of the indigenous population. Orwell realises that "when the white man turns tyrant it is his own freedom he destroys." The expectation of the crowds and the way in which they controlled Orwell shows the way in which the illusion of colonial power is only that: an illusion, as through seizing power over the Burmese, Britain has only managed to destroy its own freedom. Society's expectations are met in this essay therefore through the killing of the elephant.