How does Oceania in 1984 use propaganda and media to suppress its population?

The one-party state of Oceania routinely uses propaganda and the government-controlled media to suppress the population in 1984. The Party wants people to do what it tells them to do and to think the same way, and it fulfills this objective by constantly drumming slogans into people's heads. This never-ending process of brainwashing is designed to make it difficult to exercise independent, critical thinking, which also makes it easier for the Party to control the population.

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There's nothing remotely sophisticated about the Party's use of propaganda in Nineteen Eighty-Four. The Party relies on simple-minded, contradictory slogans to get its message across to the populace; slogans such as "War is Peace", and "Freedom is Slavery."

Though such propaganda appears utterly ridiculous, it has a very serious purpose. The Party is involved in a systematic attempt to define the very nature of reality. Whatever the Party says in its daily propaganda broadcasts, no matter how patently absurd or contradictory, is to be accepted without question. The Party has turned itself into the sole purveyor of truth in Oceania. So even if the Party, in its infinite wisdom, says that 2+2=5, then it is, and there's to be no debate about it.

Getting people to believe manifest absurdities is a way of controlling their minds. This mind-control aspect of state propaganda is reinforced by the daily Two-Minute Hate. Here, the citizens of Oceania are expected to scream hateful abuse at the images of the regime's enemies, especially Emmanuel Goldstein, as they appear on screen. Giving the people an enemy binds them more closely to the state. If the Party and the people share a common enemy, then it's less likely that the people will rebel against the regime.

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