how do natural and supernatural elements influence rime of the ancient mariner?
describe natural elements separately in detail
describe supernatural elements separately in detail
and significance of those elements
The natural elements include of course the mariner and his listener, the wedding guest, as well as the human characters in his tale. The albatross as well as other creatures including the sea snakes. Along with these, the sun, the clouds, the rain and the lack thereof are all natural elements that play an important role in the poem.
The supernatural elements include perhaps some of the elements of the storm, the stream of fire that pours down, the spirits that come to visit the mariner as well as the seemingly directed elements of the natural world that are arrayed against the mariner after he kills the albatross.
The two types of elements work together to punish the mariner for his misdeed of killing the albatross. The mariner lacked enough respect for the natural world when he killed the albatross and the natural and supernatural world combines to punish him for this lack of respect. As he is subjected to the rigors of thirst and starvation he is also shown visions of the natural world tinged with the supernatural as the ocean becomes sickening and rotting and spirits weave through his vision.