How does the narrator's description of the forest and of Brown's thoughts establish the atmosphere of "Young Goodman Brown?" 

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amarang9 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

At the beginning of the story, Brown notes Faith's uncertainties and encourages her to have "faith" in him. She pleads with him not to go on the journey but he replies that he must. After Brown takes his last look back at Faith, he criticizes himself for leaving her. He acknowledges that she, perhaps via a dream, intuits something dangerous about his journey on this night. He thinks: 

Methought as she spoke there was trouble in her face, as if a dream had warned her what work is to be done to-night. But no, no; 't would kill her to think it. 

Brown certainly shares his wife's fears about the journey and ends this section of thinking with " . . . after this one night I'll cling to her skirts and follow her to heaven." Brown, having seemingly convinced himself that he will successfully complete the journey and spend the rest of his life in "faith" with Faith, determines to get on with his journey, also called his "evil purpose." 

The descriptions of the road and the forest itself are full of synonyms of evil, darkness, and danger. 

He had taken a dreary road, darkened by all the gloomiest of trees of the forest, which barely stood aside to let the narrow path creep through, and closed immediately behind. 

Brown even supposes that the devil or some "devilish" Indians might be lurking. The atmosphere created by the descriptions of the forest and Brown's thoughts definitely conveys a sense of foreboding, danger, and evil. His journey is something he does not look forward to; it is something he feels compelled to do. He feels it is a necessary test of his faith. Therefore, he must embark on a dark journey in order to truly test that faith. 

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Young Goodman Brown

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