Animal Farm Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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How do Napoleon and the pigs betray the principles of Animalism?

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Marietta Sadler eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The principles of Animalism are inscribed on the wall of the barn in chapter 2, in the form of the seven commandments. The first commandment is, "Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy." Napoleon betrays this commandment by trading with Frederick and Pilkington. Later in the novel, he also trains himself and the other pigs to walk on two legs, effectively turning himself into an enemy of Animalism.

The second commandment is, "Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend." Napoleon proves throughout the story that he is no friend to animals with four legs or with wings: He executes piglets and hens. He makes the four-legged animals work harder than they ever did before, and he gives them less in return than they had before. He also constantly lies to them, blaming Snowball, for example, for everything that goes wrong on the farm. He also, of course, has Boxer taken away to the knackers and has his bones boiled down for glue.

The third commandment reads, "No animal shall wear...

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