How does mary shelley and william shakespeare show disturbance within frankenstein and macbeth

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ahorowitz1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Your question is a little vague, but I'll take a shot at it.

If by "showing disturbance" you mean having a disturbed psychological state, then the following should help you:

In Frankenstein, several characters show proof of psychological disturbance.  Victor Frankenstein's disturbance is evinced in his physical skin pallor and his overall state of health as the creature continues to take those away from him whom he dearly loves.   He seems raving mad to authorities after he's arrested, and learned about first Clerval's, and then his father's death.   So several devices Shelley employs to denote psychological disturbance are physical illness (psychosomatic symptoms, for example), madness, and impulsive actions (such as when Victor, in his excitement on his wedding night, goes to seek the creature rather than protect Elizabeth from its prophesy).

In Macbeth, Shakespeare shows psychological disturbance through actual hallucinations.  Macbeth imagines seeing Banquo's ghost at the table, a bloodied dagger leading him towards Banquo's chamber just before acting on the initial murder, etc.  Macbeth mentions his inability to sleep due to his disturbed state.  Also "disturbances" are noted through the use of pathetic fallacy:  odd weather suggests the shifting of the natural order after Macbeth has murdered both his king and his guest.  The horses cannabilize their own in the same way Macbeth has cannabilized his provider.


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