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How does malachite adhere to fiber such as wool, silk, nylon, and cotton?

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Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral with a vibrant sea-foam green hue that was used early on to manufacture copper metal. It's chemical composition is denoted as Cu2(CO3)(OH)2.

Malachite's high degree of softness and malleability as well as a resistance to fading from time or light has led to its use as a dying agent across many cultures for thousands of years. Textile industries in particular used the pigment derived from this mineral to dye a...

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