How does Juliet react to Romeo's banishment in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?

Juliet reacts to Romeo's banishment with great sorrow, as well as anger at Romeo for killing her cousin Tybalt. For her, as for Romeo, his banishment is a fate worse than death.

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Juliet is increasingly at war with herself when she hears of Romeo's banishment. Upon hearing that he was banished for killing Tybalt, her first instinct is to rage against Romeo for murdering her cousin and lament that he deceived her and seemed so good and sweet when he was capable of such horrific deeds. She calls him a "damned saint, an honourable villain," suggesting that he is not the innocent she imagined him to be, but has both saintly and devilish qualities. This contradiction is greatly upsetting to Juliet.

However, as soon as her Nurse echoes Juliet's scolding of Romeo, Juliet is quick to turn and defend her husband. She curses her Nurse for wishing shame upon Romeo, claiming that "he was not born to shame: / Upon his brow shame is ashamed to sit." Having heard her own words repeated back from her Nurse's mouth, Juliet repents for having spoken ill of Romeo when she, as his wife, is the one who should protect and defend him before all others.

Juliet then tries to console herself, reminding herself that Romeo still lives and that though her cousin Tybalt is dead, he would have killed Romeo, making him a "villain" in her eyes. She asks herself, "All this is comfort; wherefore weep I then?" The answer is that news that Romeo is banished is worse than Tybalt's death.

That 'banished,' that one word 'banished,'
Hath slain ten thousand Tybalts.

Romeo's banishment is the greatest loss that Juliet can imagine, and her grief for him is equal to the grief she would feel if her entire family were to be killed, not just her cousin. She tells her Nurse that in losing Romeo, she might as well be dead herself and bids her to bring him to her one last time to say goodbye before he disappears.

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Upon hearing of Romeo's banishment—his punishment for killing Tybalt in a street brawl—Juliet is both shocked and angry. Tybalt was Juliet's cousin, a member of the Capulet clan, and so one can quite understand why Juliet is so shocked to hear of his death. Tybalt may have been an inveterate hothead with a taste for bloodshed and violence, but he was still Juliet's "dearest cousin" all the same.

Furious at what Romeo has done, Juliet expresses her anger toward him with a series of choice insults. He's a "serpent heart hid with a flowering face," a "beautiful tyrant," a "fiend angelical." For good measure, he's a "dove-feathered raven, wolvish-ravening lamb."

All these insults have the same theme: that beneath his handsome, angelic exterior, Romeo is not quite what he sees. And yet, when the Nurse joins in with Juliet's insults, saying that Romeo, like all men, is a liar and a cheat, Juliet fiercely rebukes her and immediately leaps to Romeo's defense. Though Juliet may be angry at Romeo for killing Tybalt, she's still madly in love with him.

In fact, she's so madly in love with Romeo that she believes, as he does, that his banishment to the city of Mantua is a fate worse than death. The news of Romeo's banishment is worse than that of the death of Tybalt, and it makes Juliet want to die.

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Juliet's first response when she learns that Romeo has killed Tybalt and is banished is to revile Romeo, referring to him as a "serpent heart, hid with a flow'ring face!" She also calls him many things that are opposite of what they seem, such as a "fiend angelical," which is an angelic devil, and a "wolvish-ravening lamb," which is a lamb, that like a wolf, eats other lambs. These contrasting images serve to show Juliet's inner turmoil. She thought that Romeo was so handsome and wonderful, but now that he has killed her cousin, she feels that she has been deceived. We see this further in the line, "O, that deceit should dwell / In such a gorgeous palace!"

However, when Nurse also begins to revile him, declaring that there is no "trust," and proclaiming, "Shame come to Romeo!," Juliet changes her tune. She calls Nurse a "beast" for "chiding" Romeo. Suddenly, Juliet responds to Romeo's committed murder and banishment by saying that Romeo was "not born to shame" and that she should not "speak ill of him that is my husband." She even points out that her cousin would have killed Romeo, calling her cousin a "villain."

She also responds to Romeo's banishment in the same way that Romeo responds to it. She believes that it is a punishment worse than death. She argues that Romeo's banishment feels like her "father, mother, Tybalt, Romeo," and herself have all been murdered.

Hence, Juliet's response to Romeo's murder of Tybalt is two-fold. First, she responds in shock and horror, feeling that she has been deceived by Romeo, then she remembers that he is her husband and decides that she should not think poorly of a man who is her husband. Once she decides not to think poorly of her husband, she begins to grieve over his banishment.

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