There is some level of guilt that Edwards uses in his sermon. Edwards makes it clear that God is one who loves human beings. Yet, the sins of human beings have caused God incredible anger. Edwards makes it clear that it is the role of human beings that have caused God to take his wrath out on human beings. Edwards suggests that God was benevolent and compassionate until human transgression caused God to be angry. Edwards' primary motivation is to cause fear in the reader and in human beings' heart of God's wrath. Yet, there is some level of guilt there because it is based on the actions of human beings that have caused God to be angry. Essentially, God's anger was caused by human beings. This is where there can be a guilt element in Edwards' sermon. In this, Edwards does use guilt as a motivation for humans to accept that God is angry and that human sin is the reason for this. The primary motivation is fear and immediate repentance, but guilt is a part of this equation. Edwards understands the need to use as many devices as possible to convince individuals to change their ways, of which guilt is one of them.