How does Jem develop empathy and tolerance when he witnesses the Tom Robinson trial in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird?

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In Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, at first, witnessing Tom Robinson's trial, especially hearing the verdict after seeing that all of the evidence points to Robinson's innocence, only serves to make Jem bitterly angry, angry to the point of tears. However, as he continues to work through his feelings, Jem develops a better understanding of people that shows he has developed a sense of empathy and tolerance. Jem's sense of empathy and tolerance can especially be seen towards the end of Chapter 23.

In Chapter 23, Scout 's announcement that she plans to invite her schoolmate Walter Cunningham home for lunch once school starts up draws some very bitter comments from her Aunt Alexandra. Aunt Alexandra denies Scout permission to invite Walter home, saying that the Cunninghams are "not our kind of folks" and even going so far as to call Walter "trash." Aunt Alexandra's comments make Scout so angry that she wants to...

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