In Lord of the Flies, how does Jack propose to rule without the conch? Why does Jack organize a feast?
In Lord of the Flies, William Golding reveals the effects that a lack of order and civil behavior can have on a group of school boys without the guidance of "grown ups." Despite Piggy's and Ralph's best efforts, they are no match for the self-absorbed and self-important Jack who, through manipulation and fear, convinces other boys to join him and have some "fun."
Initially, the reader sees Jack as the epitome of schoolboy correctness. His parents would be proud of their son who is "chapter chorister and head boy." Jack's ability to rally the choir boys and have them marching in an orderly manner, despite the confusion, and to respond to the call of the conch, reveal his leadership skills and, according to Piggy, Jack's "uniformed superiority." Jack's disappointment that it is not a ship which has come to rescue them and his disbelief when he is not voted as chief are appeased when Ralph suggests that Jack should lead his choir, which Jack immediately labels the "hunters."
At first Jack agrees that there have to be rules because "we're not savages. We're English..." but as time goes by, Jack struggles to fit in with Ralph's leadership methods. He would much rather make demands, hunt and dismiss the "littluns," because there is "no beast in the forest." Piggy does point out that "If Jack was chief he'd have all hunting and no fire. We'd be here till we died."
Talk of the beast constantly divides the boys who do not know what to believe. When Ralph and Jack apparently see the beast, the dynamic of the group changes. Jack attempts to belittle Ralph and claims that Ralph should never have been voted as chief. This is an opportunity for Jack to separate himself from the group with some boys going after him and Jack establishes himself as chief of this small group of boys. He kills a pig and is excited to invite the other boys to a feast because they will see what Jack has achieved and what he can offer them.
Taking Ralph and Piggy by surprise, Jack charges towards them all, suggesting that he may let the other boys join his "tribe," where they "hunt and feast and have fun." His "mask of paint" makes him think he is almost invincible and he knows the boys will be tempted by talk of meat when everyone is so bored of fruit. He is right. The boys go and even Piggy suggests that he and Ralph go along. Jack's obvious command of the situation allows him to continue and he promises to protect the boys from the beast as well, even discounting the importance of the conch which "doesn't count at this end of the island..." When a storm threatens his party, Jack again regains control of the situation by encouraging the boys to "dance." In what Piggy and Ralph view as "this demented but partly secure society," there is safety in numbers if nothing else and disaster looms, especially for Simon whose tragic death is the result of Jack's uncontrolled, extreme and frenzied method of gaining control.