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How did imperial powers benefit from imperialism in Asia and Africa?

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Western imperialists benefited from their imperialistic pursuits in Asia and Africa in four major ways. First, they gained access to valuable natural resources, such as cotton from India and gold from South Africa. By being able to cheaply import and use these materials, manufacturers at home were able to supply affordable finished products to their domestic market as well as for export.

Imperialism also provided the imperial powers with cheap sources of labor. Local populations were usually exploited so as to provide manual labor for the benefit of the imperialists. These jobs were often ones that Westerners considered too dangerous or unpleasant for themselves. This might involve mining, farming, and manufacturing. Usually, these laborers toiled in their own land, but they often were brought to other parts of the empire or to Europe...

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