Uncle Tom's Cabin, written in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stow, unleashed widespread, fervent debate about slavery right up until the outbreak of the Civil War. Stowe exposed the horrors of slavery and humanized the slaves themselves, bringing the reality of slavery to light.
Stowe uses the Bible as a major device in Uncle Tom's Cabin. There are constant references and allusions to the Bible throughout the story, and it is the only book Uncle Tom owns, serving as a symbol of his enduring faith. He holds onto his Bible throughout the story, traveling from place to place, and clings to it as a constant source of comfort. Tom and the people he befriends also come together to read the Bible, helping to solidify their bond.
Religion gives Tom strength throughout his journey, especially when he is forced to withstand horrible treatment from Legree. Tom continues to read the Bible and rely on his faith to carry him through the most tumultuous periods of his life. Also, Tom's friends often struggle with their faith. Tom's devotion to reading the Bible gives these friends the hope and strength to continue despite the awful things they're going through. No matter what, Tom refuses to stop reading his Bible and is committed to comforting the other slaves in any way he can, especially through religion.