How does Hamlet's mental state change throughout Shakespeare's Hamlet?

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I would argue that the first change we see in Hamlet's mental state occurs when Hamlet first sees the ghost (and the ghost leads him away from his friends) in Act I, scene 5.  In this scene, his mental state changes rather quickly.  Hamlet's dialogue (and his friends' responses to him) makes this clear.  He addresses his friends with an odd response, "Hillo, ho, ho, boy!  Come and come."  The back-and-forth that follows between Hamlet, Horatio , and Marcellus suggests that Hamlet's mind is not "right" and that his friends are having difficulty following his line of logic.  This dialogue makes it evident that Hamlet has become unsettled by his conversation with the ghost. ...

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