How does Hamlet react to the death of his father in Hamlet?

Hamlet reacts with devastation to the death of his father. He grieves the old king, and he continues to be in mourning despite the fact that the court has moved on. This includes his own mother, who has remarried within two months of being widowed. Hamlet is angry at her and his uncle, Claudius, her new husband, as he believes that their relationship is incestuous and evidence of their lack of feeling for his father.

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When Hamlet's father, the king of Denmark, dies suddenly, supposedly of a snakebite in his garden, Hamlet is devastated but also suspicious. Two months have passed since the death, and Hamlet still grieves. His mother, Gertrude, and his new stepfather (also his father's brother), Claudius, confront him in act 1, scene 2. Claudius asks Hamlet, “How is it that the clouds still hang on you?” Gertrude counsels him to “cast thy nighted colour off,” for Hamlet is still wearing the black of mourning, and move on with his life.

Hamlet, however, responds that his dark clothing reflects his internal grief, but Claudius tells him that his father is gone, and the time for mourning is over. Hamlet's extreme grief is now a fault and even an insult to his father. Hamlet makes a show of giving in, but in the soliloquy that follows, he announces that if God had not decreed against suicide, he would seriously consider it. Hamlet also reveals that he is upset over more than just his father's death. He is angry, too, that his mother married his uncle not even two months after his father was placed in his grave. In Hamlet's eyes, this is incest and betrayal, yet he must remain silent.

When Hamlet meets his father's ghost a few scenes later, he indicates that he is having another reaction to his father's death besides grief and anger. He is suspicious that there is more to the king's demise than an accidental snakebite. The ghost tells Hamlet that he actually died of poison at the hand of Claudius. Hamlet in turn exclaims, “O my prophetic soul!” He has been wondering, and now he knows. His grief remains, but now his primary emotion becomes a desire for revenge.

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Hamlet reacts to the death of his father with grief and terrible, but understandable, sadness. When the play begins, it has been nearly two months since his father, the former king of Denmark, died suddenly, reportedly of a snakebite acquired while sleeping in his garden. The death was unexpected and, to the king’s son, most unwelcome.

When the queen, Gertrude, confronts her son about his continued mourning, despite the fact that she is no longer in mourning for her dead husband, Hamlet says to her, “I have that within which passes show, / These but the trappings and the suits of woe” (1.2.88–89). In other words, he knows that he looks like someone who is grieving deeply, but he says that his grief goes far deeper than what any one person might pretend to feel or seem to feel; his grief runs painfully deep and he is steeped in his woe, not simply wearing the appearance of it.

What’s more is that his mother is already remarried, though she became a widow less than two months ago. Moreover, she married her first husband’s brother, Claudius, a relationship that completely disgusts Hamlet. He believes that any grief shown by his mother or his uncle is purely show, as getting married so soon after the old king’s death would seem to indicate a lack of loyalty to him. When Hamlet insists that he feels his grief deeply, far deeper than the merely superficial black clothing he wears, he also suggests that he judges Gertrude and Claudius for their apparent lack of feeling.

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Hamlet is utterly devastated about his father's death and is disgusted that his mother, Gertrude, has already married his uncle in less than two months after King Hamlet's death. Prince Hamlet revered his father while he was alive and is now terribly depressed at his passing. At the beginning of the play, Hamlet laments his father's death and is depicted as a confused, angry, discouraged individual. Hamlet even contemplates suicide, which reveals the extent of his anguish concerning the death of his father. Claudius's insensitive personality and Gertrude's decision to marry him exacerbates Hamlet's sorrow. In act 1, scene 2, Hamlet recalls his negative emotions during the king's funeral in a discussion with Horatio, and Hamlet mentions that he can still see his father's image in his imagination. Hamlet reveals his affinity for his dead father by telling Horatio,

He [King Hamlet] was a man. Take him for all in all. I shall not look upon his like again (Shakespeare, 1.2.186-187).

Later on, Hamlet speaks to his father's ghost and learns that Claudius assassinated him by pouring poison down his ear while he was sleeping. Upon hearing this news, Hamlet vows to enact revenge. Hamlet's attitude changes from a depressed, melancholy person, into a driven, confused man whose conflicting beliefs cause him to hesitate and make questionable decisions.

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In Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet, the protagonist Hamlet is devastated by his father's death. His grief is encaptured by his anguished cry, released at the first moment he appears alone for the audience: "Oh, that this too, too solid flesh would melt / Thaw and resolve itself into a dew!" (I.ii) He had great love and respect for his father, who was a good and just King. 

What makes Hamlet's grief darker and more insidious is the fact that he appears to be the only one who is grieving. His mother has, two months since, remarried the late King Hamlet's brother, the now-King Claudius. She is also confused by Hamlet's continued grief, gently prodding, "Good Hamlet, cast thy nighted colour off," asking him to literally remove his black and thereby figuratively remove his dark mood (I.ii). Likewise, Hamlet's new stepfather, his uncle Claudius tries to manipulate Hamlet into actually regretting his deep sorrow, explaining "you must know, your father lost a father," and inferring that Hamlet's situation is in no way special. He then shames Hamlet, adding, "to persever / In obstinate condolment; 'tis unmanly grief; / It shows a will most incorrect to heaven" (I.ii). 

Hamlet's inconsolable grief over his father's untimely death is reinforced by the confusingly blasé behavior of those other "mourners" in the Danish court. 

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