How does Animal Farm reflect the traits of today's leaders and dictators?

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In Animal Farm, Orwell offers a comment on the behavior and the methods of twentieth century dictators, especially Joseph Stalin, the Soviet dictator whose rise to power is paralleled in the book by that of Napoleon . In Animal Farm, Napoleon uses almost all of the techniques common to...

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In Animal Farm, Orwell offers a comment on the behavior and the methods of twentieth century dictators, especially Joseph Stalin, the Soviet dictator whose rise to power is paralleled in the book by that of Napoleon. In Animal Farm, Napoleon uses almost all of the techniques common to totalitarian dictators. He employs a "propaganda minister" in the form of Squealer to portray his actions as heroic. He distorts history to persuade the other animals that events on the farm occurred differently than the reader (and indeed some of the animals) remembers. He creates an external threat in the form of Snowball to keep the farm in a constant state of fear and crisis, which he uses to justify his heavy-handed tactics. He manipulates ideology, arguing that the ends--a world in which animals control the farm--justify the means. He uses terror and violence, publicly and secretly purging many of his potential enemies, as well as some innocent animals purely to set an example. He is totally corrupt, living a life that is completely at odds with the ideas of the revolution as stated in the Seven Commandments (which he changes as the need arises). All of these characteristics could be applied to twentieth century dictators like Stalin, Hitler, and Mussolini as well as modern ones, like Kim Jong-un of North Korea. Dictators rule by fostering fear, controlling information, and using violence and terror, often indiscriminately. 

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