How does Fitzgerald achieve a melancholic mood in the beginning of chapter 8? How does T.J. Eckleburg affect Mr. Wilson?
By using auditory imagery, Fitzgerald achieves a melancholy mood for the beginning of chapter eight. The "groaning foghorns" that are the auditory image of the visual green light are a forlorn sound that adds to the melancholy atmosphere. The various phones that ring throughout the chapter-Nick's Tom's and Gatsby's seem to escalate the tension. The ringing of a telephone is not a soothing sound. The description of the song that was playing during the flashback of Gatsby and Daisy's first meeting includes a saxophone that wails further adding to the melancholy mood.
Meanwhile, in this chapter, George believes that T. J. Eckleburg's eyes are the eyes of God. In his misery and state, he has lost sight that it is only an advertisement.