I think the importance of World War I cannot be underestimated when we consider how it had a massive impact on the world and in particular on Modernism, that as a movement called for a radical re-assessment of so much that was taken for granted. World War I in many ways was a crisis moment for humanity that really questioned everything about it and how far it had gone and developed. Behind it all, the chilling question remained of how a society and civilisation that had advanced so far was capable of such wide-spread destruction, devastation and slaughter. We know that Virginia Woolf herself was haunted by World War I, and the fear of World War II was what was partly responsible for her suicide that ended her life. It only seems appropriate then that World War I helped lead to the furnace of ideas that radically re-assessed so much, just as Woolf re-assesses gender relations in this essay.