How does Faber influence Montag in Fahrenheit 451?

In Fahrenheit 451, Faber influences Montag by encouraging and abetting him in his subversion against the state. Montag feels less alone with Faber on his side and is helped to safety when Faber guides him through the use of "seashells."

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Faber is much older than Montag, and he has been around long enough to really be able to reflect upon the changes that have occurred in society. He believes that he is a coward, because when things first started changing, he did nothing to prevent those changes. Thus, they now live in a society where books are burned, and he commends Montag for his bravery in holding on to a physical copy of a Bible, which Faber hasn't seen in ages.

One of the ways Faber influences Montag is by helping him understand that books themselves contain no special magic. Instead, books of quality help people to really examine life. They offer readers the chance to slow down and think about how their lives are progressing and to reflect upon society and truths. Faber maintains that these same qualities could be found elsewhere if people looked hard enough, yet most of their society has been trained to mentally rush through their days with a sense of mindless conclusions. In losing literature, they have forgotten how to really think. This conversation encourages Montag to continue thinking for himself, defying the norms of their society, in his own quest.

Later, Faber quite literally becomes the voice in Montag's ear as they endeavor to break the chains of oppression in their society, offering wisdom and instruction as the two collaborate to construct a better world together.

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Faber is a retired professor who Montag has met before. Montag seeks him out as events in his life, such as his encounters with Clarisse, Mildred's attempted suicide, and the woman who immolates herself rather than live without books begin to wake him up to his deep unhappiness with his life and culture.

Once Faber decides to trust Montag, a natural enemy as a fireman, he is able to embolden him to take on a subversive role against the dystopic state. The relationship gives Montag the security and confidence that comes from knowing he is not alone. Faber also literally influences Montag's behavior when he fits him with the "seashell," a device that allows Faber to hear what is going on in Montag's world and whisper advice to him. With the seashell, Faber is able to guide how Montag responds to people like Beatty and, more importantly, to guide Montag to safety when he is being pursued by the Mechanical Hound.

Faber becomes a role model for Montag, the "good father" who counters the influence of the "bad father," Beatty. Faber is able to help show Montag that there is a better way of living than the deadening, technological path their society promotes as the good life.

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First of all, Faber influences Montag through his intellectual knowledge and background. When Montag decides that he wants to better understand books and their content, for instance, Faber is the person he turns to. As a retired professor, Faber is ideally placed to serve this purpose. In addition, Faber's communication device influences Montag by helping him achieve his goal of wiping out the fireman system from within.

Faber also influences Montag on a philosophical level because he teaches him that it is not so much the books that are important, but what the books contain. This contrasts with what Beatty tells Montag: that books are not wanted by the masses because they offend minority groups. Instead, Faber encourages Montag to realize that books contain the full spectrum of the human experience and that we should not shy away from their messages, whether positive or negative. This idea affects Montag profoundly and contributes to his decision to continue his quest for knowledge, even though his Mildred and Beatty are staunchly opposed to it.

Finally, Faber's influence can be felt at the end of the novel when the city is destroyed. Montag is left wondering if Faber has made it out in time to see his friend, the printer.

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Montag initially contacts Faber to help him understand the texts that he has read. Faber, a retired English teacher, explains to Montag the positive qualities of literature but is too afraid to act on his beliefs out of fear that he will be imprisoned or killed by the authoritative government. After describing how books preserve knowledge and examine the "infinite details" of life, Montag becomes excited to challenge the government policy of censoring works of literature. Faber influences Montag by motivating him to pursue the life of an intellectual. Faber eventually agrees to help Montag who is in search of a fulfilling life by giving him the "green bullet" to communicate. After hearing Faber's thoughts about literature and society, Montag is encouraged to not only change his life but also feels motivated to positively impact society by challenging the government's censorship policies. When Montag becomes an enemy of the state, Faber tells him where to find a group of traveling intellectuals. Faber's affinity for knowledge and literature influence Montag to drastically change his life and seek intellectual pursuits.

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