How does F. Scott Fitzgerald explore the complexities of the human psyche in The Great Gatsby?

F. Scott Fitzgerald explores the complexities of the human psyche in The Great Gatsby through his characters, such as Gatsby, who is both heroic and self-destructive in pursuit of his dream; Nick, who is sometimes blind to himself; and Daisy, who is driven by mixed motivations in her affair with Gatsby.

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Fitzgerald uses his characters, particularly Gatsby, to explore the complexities of the human psyche. He examines in particular why Gatsby, who seemingly has everything in terms of wealth, is driven by a compulsive desire to reunite with his true love, Daisy Buchanan. In doing so, Fitzgerald studies the persistent dream within the human psyche to want to roll back time, start over, and make everything "right," a dream that can never come to fruition.

Fitzgerald also examines the human psyche through his narrator Nick, through whose perceptions the story is filtered. Nick wonders at his own contradictions, such as why he admires Gatsby's capacity to dream when Gatsby is exactly the sort of person he normally despises.

And while Nick would like us to perceive him as a neutral, objective observer and recorder of events, Fitzgerald rounds his character, giving it human complexity, such as through Nick's capacity for self-deception. Nick may also project his faults onto others, such as when he comments on the dishonesty of Jordan, who he has suddenly remembered has a reputation clouded by a golf cheating scandal. He calls her dishonest, then thinks about how he is lying in letters to a girlfriend back home he has lost romantic interest in.

Daisy is also a complex character: her motivations for being with Gatsby are mixed up with nostalgia and perhaps a desire to even the score with Tom, who cheats on her.

It is the differing agendas and self-deception in all these characters that lends interest and complexity and builds the tragic drama of the narrative.

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